Assessing Large Scale Violence Against Children Surveys in Selected South East Asian Countries
Background: Violence against children (VAC) is a widespread, global issue with far reaching social and economic consequences. In recent years, VAC has received substantial international attention, resulting in government initiatives to reduce VAC, in part, by strengthening data collection and information systems.
Objective: This scoping review was undertaken to map survey methodologies for VAC measurement in Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries and to identify key considerations for developing both methodologically sound and culturally appropriate VAC surveys in Indonesia and similar contexts.
Methods: The authors conducted manual and automated searches in English and Bahasa Indonesia through PubMed, global databases, and websites, and consulted with partners from the government of Indonesia and the child protection ﬁeld to identify surveys conducted from 2006 to 2016 in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. The search identiﬁed 275 records, of which 11 met all inclusion criteria.
Results: The 11 surveys utilized a wide range of methodologies and employed inconsistent deﬁnitions, diﬀerent age ranges for respondents, and diﬀerent combinations of self-administered and face-to-face modes. A majority of the studies utilized household-based sampling, did not include a qualitative component, and used a tablet for data collection.
Conclusion: In developing VAC surveys, researchers should consider which groups of children are excluded from the sampling frame; how qualitative data can be used to strengthen the validity of survey results; how to maximize privacy in face-to-face interviews; and whether self-administered modes are feasible and acceptable. Researchers should also ensure that the survey and research protocol undergo rigorous ethical review.